The Herb Patch
Plants are listed alphabetically by their common name.
.Large bright green leaves with thick hollow stems. Large mop-type flower heads in late summer of second year. Stem and leaf used in cookery. Also has medicinal uses.
(Tanacetum balsamita) Perennial, ht 60 - 80 cm. Aromatic silver green
leaves have a sharp tang , and can be used in small amounts to flavour
soups, salads, stuffing, poultry and fruit cakes. Also has medicinal and cosmetic
Bergamot Purple(Monarda didyma) Perennial ht 120cm. Fragrant leaves purple flowers. Used in salads, teas and for medicinal uses.
Betony (Stachys Officinalis) Perennial, height 60 cm. Pink or purple flowers. An ancient plant with medicinal properties.
Borage (Borago Officinalis) Annual, 60 80cm. Blue star shaped flowers in summer can be used in drinks and salads. Medicinal uses include tea and poultice.
Borage, White (Borago Officinalis 'Alba') Annual, 60 80cm. This variety has the same bristly cucumber flavoured leaves, but with pure white flowers.
Bronze Bugle (Ajuga reptans) Hardy, evergreen perennial. Height 15 cm, spread 1m. Bronze/purple leaves, pink flowers in summer. Good ground cover. A medicinal herb.
Burnet, Salad (Sanguisorba Minor) Perennial, 20 40cm. Red flowers in summer. Soft, divided leaves used in salads etc. when young.
Calamint, Lesser (Calamintha Nepeta) Perennial, 20 30cm. Small pink / purple flowers late summer. Bushy, aromatic plant with medicinal uses.
Caraway (Carum Carvi) Biennial, height in 2nd year 40 60 cm. White flowers in summer, pale green carrot-like leaves. Main use is seeds for cookery e.g. bread, cakes, stews etc.
Catnip (Nepeta Cataria) Perennial 100cm. Small white flowers, aromatic grey leaves. Leaves can be used in teas. Cats love the scent, dried leaves can be used to make cat toys!
Catmint,Lemon (Nepeta Cataria 'Citriodora') Perennial ht 100cm. Lemon scented variety of above.
Chamomile (Anthemis Nobilis) Perennial 6 10cm. Low growing plant with fine aromatic leaves used for tea, pot pourri and cosmetics. Often used for ground cover or lawns.
Chamomile, Dyers Perennial 30 50cm. Prolific yellow flowers in summer. Principal use is a dye plant.
Chamomile, Lawn Perennial, evergreen, Height 6cm, spread 15 cm. A non - flowering variety, which is used for ground cover or chamomile lawns.
Chervil, Curled (Anthriscus cerefolium) Annual 30 50cm. Bright green fern like leaves used as an alternative to parsley in many dishes. Small white flowers in summer.
Chives (Allium schoenoprasum) Perennial, ht 30 cm. Cylindrical leaves used as garnish for soups and salads and in herb butter and cheese. Purple flowers in summer.
Chives Garlic (Allium Tuberosum) Perennial, ht 35 cm. Mild garlic flavoured leaves. White flowers in summer.
Comfrey Common (Symphytum officinale) Perennial, ht 100cm. Well known medicinal plant, has purple, pink or cream flowers in summer. Also used in the garden for liquid plant food and for compost. Limited culinary uses.
Coriander (Coriandrum sativum) Annual, 50 60 cm. White flowers in summer. Mainly culinary uses. Aromatic seeds used in curry powder, bread and soup. Young leaves in curries, chutney and salads.
Cotton Lavender ( Santolina chamaecyparissus) Evergreen perennial, ht 60cm. Aromatic silver/grey feathery foliage and yellow button-like flowers in summer.
Curry Plant (Helichrysum Italicum) Evergreen perennial, ht 60 cm. Narrow silver-grey leaves have a strong scent of curry. Clusters of tiny yellow flowers in summer. Can be used in rice or meat dishes to give a mild curry flavour. Also said to repel cats and insects.
Dill (Peucedanum graveolens) Annual, ht 1m. Bright green feathery leaves. Tiny fellow flowers in clusters. Popular culinary herb, leaves used salads and fish. Seeds can be added to food to give mild aniseed flavour.
English Mace (Achillea decolorans) Perennial, ht 30 - 45 cm. Bright green serrated leaves and creamy flowers in summer. Culinary uses include soups, stews, pasta and rice dishes.
Evening Primrose (Oenothera biennis) Biennial, ht 90 100cm. Yellow flowers are delicately scented in evening, hence the name. Some culinary use but main use is medicinal.
Fennel, Common (Foeniculum vulgare) Perennial, ht 150 180cm. Soft green feathery foliage, with clusters of yellow flowers in summer. Leaves and seeds can be used in many recipes. Fennel tea is an aid to digestion.
Fennel, Bronze (Foeniculum vulgare purpureum) Perennial, ht 150 180cm. Rich bronze feathery foliage. A very striking plant. Uses as for common.
(f.v.dulce) Grown as Annual, ht 60 cm. A smaller variety of fennel, grown
for it's sweet bulbous root which is eaten as a
Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium) Perennial, ht 45 60cm. Daisy like flowers from early summer. A medicinal herb used to treat migraine and headaches. Leaves can be used as a moth repellent.
Foxglove (Digitalis purpurea) Biennial, ht 120 - 200 cm. Native woodland plant with pink/purple bell shaped flowers. Medicinal uses. Toxic if eaten.
Horehound, White (Marrubium vulgare) Perennial, ht 45 cm. Leaves are green and wrinkled. SDmall clusters of white flowers in summer. Widely used medicinal herb.
Horseradish (Amoracia rusticana) Perennial 60 90cm. Large green leaves and thick deep root. The root has both culinary(e.g. horseradish sauce) and medicinal uses. An invasive plant, which needs to be kept under control.
House Leek (Sempervivum tectorum) Evergreen Perennial, ht 10 15cm. Succulent grey/green leaves with red or green flowers. Used as an astringant for treatment of burns and insect bites.
Hyssop (Hys, officinalis) Semi evergreen perennial, ht 60 80cm. Attractive bushy plant with small lance shaped leaves and blue flowers. Both culinary and medicinal uses. Also used in potpourri.
Hyssop, White (Hys. off. albus) White flowered variant of officinalis.
Hyssop, Pink (Hys off. roseus.) As hyssop officinalis but with pink flowers in summer and early autumn.
Jacobs Ladder (Polemonium caeruleum) Perennial, ht 45 60cm. Small divided leaves with clusters of attractive blue flowers in summer.
Lavender (Lavendula Angustifolia)
Lemon Balm (Melissa Officinalis) Perennial, height 60 -70cm. Likes sunny position, white flowers in summer, lemon scented leaves used to make tea, or for flavouring soups, sauces salads etc. Also has medicinal uses.
Lemon Balm, Variegated (Melissa Off. Aurea) Perennial, ht 60cm. Green/gold variegated leaves are slightly wrinkled and serrated. Uses as for ordinary Lemon Balm.
Lovage (Levisticum officinale) Perennial, ht up to 2m. A large celery scented perennial with hollow stems and divided leaves. Tiny yellow/green flowers in summer. A popular culinary plant.
Marigold, Pot (Calendula officinalis) Hardy annual, ht 45 - 60 cm. LArge bright orange flowers have both culinary and medicinal uses.
Perennial, ht 15 cm, spread 30 cm. Small green aromatic
leaves and pink flowers in summer. Forms a tight mat in winter. Can be used in many
Marjoram, Sweet (Origanum marjorana) Annual/perennial, ht 30cm. A good culinary variety. Leaves and flowers used to give a sweet / spicy flavour in recipes.
Marjoram, Golden (O.v.'Aureum) Perennial, ht 45cm. Golden coloured leaves form a mat in winter. Many culinary uses and a good decorative plant.
Marshmallow (Althaea officinalis)Perennial, ht 100 150 cm. Velvety green leaves and pink flowers in summer. Mainly used for medicinal purposes although roots and leaves have some uses in cooking.
Oregano (Origanum Vulgare) Perennial, ht 45cm. A bushy plant with dark green, slightly hairy leaves and clusters of purple flowers in summer. Useful for flavouring many dishes e.g. pasta or pizza. Can also be blended with Basil.
Oregano, Greek Perennial, ht 45cm. Grey/green hairy leaves and clusters of tiny white flowers in summer. Leaves have a stronger flavour and aroma than common oregano, and are very good to cook with - essential for Greek cooking.
Parsley, Moss curled (Petroselinum crispum) Biennial, ht 40 50cms. Bright green leave are serrated and curled. Tiny creamy yellow flowers in summer. Mainly a cooking herb, as flavouring in sauces etc. and as a garnish.
Parsley, Flat Leaf Biennial, ht 60 cms. Larger flat leaf and stronger flavour than curled parsley. Creamy white flowers in summer. A rich source of vitamins.
Pennyroyal (Mentha puegium) Perennial, ht 10 15 cm. A creeping plant, with small bright green leaves and lilac flowers . An aromatic , astringant herb with medicinal uses and in pot-pourri.
Rocket, Salad (Eruca sativa) Annual,
ht 60 - 80 cm. Leaves are used in
mixed salads, pasta sauces and stir-fries.
Young leaves have a milder flavour.
Rocket, Wild (Eruca vesicaria) Perennial, ht 60 cm. A salad herb with creamy yellow edible flowers. Young leaves add spicy flavour to salads.
Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) Perennial, evergreen, ht 1.5m. A highly aromatic plant with dark green needle-like leaves and pale blue/mauve flowers in spring. Many culinary uses, especially cooking lamb and for flavouring soups and stews. Rosemary oil also has many uses.
Rosemary, Miss Jessops Upright Perennial evergreen ht, 2 m. Very upright growth habit. Pale blue flowers. Uses as above.
Prostrate. (Rosm. off. prostrate ) Perennial, evergreen, ht 25
cm. Bright blue flowers, and trailing growth habit, make this a good
variety for walls or banks.
Perennial, ht 60-80cms. A shrubby, evergreen herb with velvety grey/green leaves and spikes of purple or mauve flowers in summer. A powerful healing plant with leaves and oil being used while leaves are also used in cookery.
Purple (S.O. Purpuracens Group) Perennial, ht 60-80cms. Purple/grey foliage, uses common
Golden (S.O. Icterina) Perennial, ht 50-60cms. Yellow variegated leaves provide added colour in herb border.
Sage, Clary (Salvia
Sclarea) Biennial, ht
60-100cm. Soft grey-green
leaves with purple / lilac / blue flowers in second
summer. Culinary uses but
also many medicinal and aromatic uses.
Savory, Summer (Satureja hortensis) Annual, ht 20-30cm. Long pointed aromatic leaves and small pink/white flowers in summer. Leaves are used as flavouring with pulses, sausages, stuffing etc. This is the main savoury for medical uses.
Savory, Winter (Satureja montana) Perennial, ht 10-30cm. Shrubby, evergreen with aromatic, dark green leaves and pink/white flowers. Culinary uses as above.
Self Heal (Prunella vulgaris) Perennial, ht 10cm. A creeping aromatic plant with bright green oval leaves and pink/purple flowers on spikes in summer/autumn. Whole plant is used for various ailments.
(Scutellaria lateriflora) Perennial, ht 15 - 60cm. Lance
shaped leaves and blue pink or white flowers in summer. A herb
with many medicinal uses. Should
be dispensed by a trained medical
Sorrel, Common (Rumex acetosa) Perennial, ht 20-40cm. Long spear shaped leaves and inconspicuous red/green flowers in summer. Leaves are used to give a sharp acidic flavour to soups, sauces, fish dishes etc. Some medicinal uses.
Sorrel, French (Rumex scutatus) Perennial, ht 15 - 30cm. A mat forming plant with shield shaped leaves. Can be used in salads and as for common sorrel.
Sweet Woodruff (Galium odoratum)Perennial, ht 40cm. A spreading perennial with white flowers in summer. An aromatic herb, which grows well in dry shade under trees.
Tansy (Tanacetum Vulgare) Perennial ht 60-100cm. A strongly aromatic plant with deeply divided dark green leaves and clusters of yellow button flowers in late summer. Mainly used for aromatic properties, e.g. pot-pourri and as an insect repellent.
Tarragon, French (Artemesia dracunculus) Perennial, ht 40-60cm. An aromatic perennial with upright branched stems and long narrow leaves. Tiny green/yellow flowers are insignificant. A very popular culinary herb with leaves used for flavouring chicken dishes, sauces and mustards.
Thyme (Thymus) Perennial, ht 10-30cm. Thymes are small, evergreen aromatic perennials which have many culinary, medicinal and aromatic uses. Best in sunny positions.
Valerian(Valeriana officinalis) perennial, ht 100 - 120cm. Perennial herb with medicinal uses. Pink or white flowers in late summer.
Vervain (Verbena officinalis) Perennial, ht 45 cm. Native plant with tiny mauve/ pink flowers. Leaves and flowering stems have many medicinal uses.
Biennial, ht 60 - 90 cm.
Narrow, bristly leaves and violet-
Wormwood (Artemesia Absinthium) Perennial, ht - 60 - 80cm. Finely divided silvery green silky leaves, and tiny yellow flowers. An ancient medicinal plant, used as remedy for such ailments as indigestion, gout and scurvy!
Yarrow (Achillea millifolium) Perennial, ht 40-80cm. Dark green feathery leaves are aromatic. Small white heads of flowers in summer. Mainly a medicinal plant, being good for colds and fevers.