01207 562099

The Herb Patch

Brockwell House
Co Durham


Plants are listed alphabetically by their common name.

  (Angelica Archangelica)  Biennial (up to 4 yrs)  ht 1 - 2.5 m. Large bright green leaves with thick hollow stems.  Large mop-type flower heads in late summer of second year.  Stem and leaf used in cookery.  Also has medicinal uses.

Alecost / Costmary    (Tanacetum balsamita)  Perennial, ht  60 - 80 cm.  Aromatic silver green leaves have a sharp tang , and can be used in small amounts to flavour soups, salads, stuffing, poultry and fruit cakes.  Also has medicinal and cosmetic uses.

(Pimpinella Anisum) Hardy Annual, height 40 - 60cm. Seeds most useful part for flavouring soups, cakes etc. Leaves can be used for cooking.

Basil (Ocimum Basilicum)

Basil Lime  Annual, ht 30 cm.  Bright green leaves with a zesty lime aroma and flavour. 

Basil Dark Opal  Annual, ht 60 cm.  Purple/black leaves and long, cerise pink flowers. Also worth growing as an ornamental herb.

Sweet Basil Annual, height 45cm. Large aromatic green leaves, have many culinary uses particularly tomato dishes and sauces. Popular with chefs.

Cinnamon Basil
Annual, height 40 – 50cm. Pink flowers, green leaves with purple veins are usually cinnamon scented. Used in spicy dishes and for aromatic use.

Bergamot Purple(Monarda didyma)  Perennial ht 120cm.  Fragrant leaves purple flowers. Used in salads, teas and for medicinal uses.

Betony (Stachys Officinalis) Perennial, height 60 cm. Pink or purple flowers. An ancient plant with medicinal properties.

Borage (Borago Officinalis) Annual, 60 – 80cm. Blue star shaped flowers in summer can be used in drinks and salads. Medicinal uses include tea and poultice.

Borage, White (Borago Officinalis 'Alba') Annual, 60 – 80cm. This variety has the same bristly cucumber flavoured leaves, but with pure white flowers.

Bronze Bugle (Ajuga reptans) Hardy, evergreen perennial. Height 15 cm, spread 1m. Bronze/purple leaves, pink flowers in summer. Good ground cover. A medicinal herb.

Burnet, Salad (Sanguisorba Minor) Perennial, 20 – 40cm. Red flowers in summer. Soft, divided leaves used in salads etc. when young.

Calamint, Lesser (Calamintha Nepeta) Perennial, 20 – 30cm. Small pink / purple flowers late summer. Bushy, aromatic plant with medicinal uses.

Caraway (Carum Carvi) Biennial, height in 2nd year 40 – 60 cm. White flowers in summer, pale green carrot-like leaves. Main use is seeds for cookery e.g. bread, cakes, stews etc.

Catnip (Nepeta Cataria) Perennial 100cm. Small white flowers, aromatic grey leaves. Leaves can be used in teas. Cats love the scent, dried leaves can be used to make cat toys!

Catmint,Lemon (Nepeta Cataria 'Citriodora') Perennial ht 100cm.  Lemon scented variety of above.

Chamomile (Anthemis Nobilis) Perennial 6 – 10cm. Low growing plant with fine aromatic leaves used for tea, pot pourri and cosmetics. Often used for ground cover or lawns.

Chamomile, Dyers Perennial 30 – 50cm. Prolific yellow flowers in summer. Principal use is a dye plant.

Chamomile, Lawn Perennial, evergreen, Height 6cm, spread 15 cm. A non - flowering variety, which is used for ground cover or chamomile lawns.

Chervil, Curled (Anthriscus cerefolium) Annual 30 – 50cm. Bright green fern like leaves used as an alternative to parsley in many dishes. Small white flowers in summer.

Chives (Allium schoenoprasum) Perennial, ht 30 cm. Cylindrical leaves used as garnish for soups and salads and in herb butter and cheese. Purple flowers in summer.

Chives ‘Garlic’ (Allium Tuberosum) Perennial, ht 35 cm. Mild garlic flavoured leaves. White flowers in summer.

Comfrey ‘Common’ (Symphytum officinale) Perennial, ht 100cm. Well known medicinal plant, has purple, pink or cream flowers in summer. Also used in the garden for liquid plant food and for compost. Limited culinary uses.

Coriander (Coriandrum sativum) Annual, 50 – 60 cm. White flowers in summer. Mainly culinary uses. Aromatic seeds used in curry powder, bread and soup. Young leaves in curries, chutney and salads.

Cotton Lavender ( Santolina chamaecyparissus) Evergreen perennial, ht 60cm. Aromatic silver/grey feathery foliage and yellow button-like flowers in summer.

Curry Plant (Helichrysum Italicum)  Evergreen perennial, ht 60 cm.  Narrow silver-grey leaves have a strong scent of curry.  Clusters of tiny yellow flowers in summer.  Can be used in rice or meat dishes to give a mild curry flavour.  Also said to repel cats and insects.

Dill (Peucedanum graveolens) Annual, ht 1m. Bright green feathery leaves. Tiny fellow flowers in clusters. Popular culinary herb, leaves used salads and fish. Seeds can be added to food to give mild aniseed flavour.

English Mace (Achillea decolorans) Perennial, ht 30 - 45 cm.  Bright green serrated leaves and creamy flowers in summer. Culinary uses include soups, stews, pasta and rice dishes.

Evening Primrose (Oenothera biennis) Biennial, ht 90 – 100cm. Yellow flowers are delicately scented in evening, hence the name. Some culinary use but main use is medicinal.

Fennel, Common (Foeniculum vulgare) Perennial, ht 150 – 180cm. Soft green feathery foliage, with clusters of yellow flowers in summer. Leaves and seeds can be used in many recipes. Fennel tea is an aid to digestion.

Fennel, Bronze (Foeniculum vulgare purpureum) Perennial, ht 150 – 180cm. Rich bronze feathery foliage. A very striking plant. Uses as for common.

Fennel, Florence (f.v.dulce) Grown as Annual, ht 60 cm.  A smaller variety of fennel, grown for it's sweet bulbous root which is eaten as a vegetable.

Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium) Perennial, ht 45 – 60cm. Daisy like flowers from early summer. A medicinal herb used to treat migraine and headaches. Leaves can be used as a moth repellent.

Foxglove (Digitalis purpurea)  Biennial, ht 120 - 200 cm.  Native woodland plant with pink/purple bell shaped flowers.  Medicinal uses.  Toxic if eaten.

Horehound, White (Marrubium vulgare) Perennial, ht 45 cm.  Leaves are green and wrinkled.  SDmall clusters of white flowers in summer.  Widely used medicinal herb.

Horseradish (Amoracia rusticana) Perennial 60 – 90cm. Large green leaves and thick deep root. The root has both culinary(e.g. horseradish sauce) and medicinal uses. An invasive plant, which needs to be kept under control.

House Leek (Sempervivum tectorum) Evergreen Perennial, ht 10 – 15cm. Succulent grey/green leaves with red or green flowers. Used as an astringant for treatment of burns and insect bites.

Hyssop (Hys, officinalis) Semi evergreen perennial, ht 60 – 80cm. Attractive bushy plant with small lance shaped leaves and blue flowers. Both culinary and medicinal uses. Also used in potpourri.

Hyssop, White (Hys. off. albus) White flowered variant of officinalis.

Hyssop, Pink (Hys off. roseus.) As hyssop officinalis but with pink flowers in summer and early autumn.

Jacobs Ladder (Polemonium caeruleum) Perennial, ht 45 – 60cm. Small divided leaves with clusters of attractive blue flowers in summer.

Lavender (Lavendula Angustifolia)

Dwarf Blue Perennial, ht 45 cm.  Low growing with aromatic foliage and blue flowers. 

Grappenhall ht 120cm.  Vigorous upright growth habit.  Grey green foliage and lavender blue flowers.

Hidcote Perennial, ht 30 - 50cm. Dark blue / purple flowers and narrow grey / green leaves. Neat growth - often used for hedging.

Old English ht, 60-80cm. Light lavender blue flowers and long grey/green aromatic leaves.

Munstead Dwarf Perennial, ht 40cm. Small aromatic leaves and lavender blue flowers.

Vera Perennial, ht 90 cm. Pale blue flowers, good fragrance.

French (Stoechas) Perennial, ht 50 cm. Dark purple flowers and short grey / green leaves.

Lemon Balm (Melissa Officinalis) Perennial, height 60 -70cm. Likes sunny position, white flowers in summer, lemon scented leaves used to make tea, or for flavouring soups, sauces salads etc. Also has medicinal uses.

Lemon Balm, Variegated (Melissa Off. Aurea) Perennial, ht 60cm. Green/gold variegated leaves are slightly wrinkled and serrated. Uses as for ordinary Lemon Balm.

Lovage (Levisticum officinale) Perennial, ht up to 2m. A large celery scented perennial with hollow stems and divided leaves. Tiny yellow/green flowers in summer. A popular culinary plant.

Marigold, Pot  (Calendula officinalis)  Hardy annual, ht 45 - 60 cm.  LArge bright orange flowers have both culinary and medicinal uses.

Marjoram, Compact (o.v.compactum)  Perennial, ht 15 cm, spread 30 cm.  Small green aromatic leaves and pink flowers in summer. Forms a tight mat in winter.  Can be used in many dishes.

Marjoram, Pot (Origanum Onites) Perennial, ht 45cm. A popular herb with pink flowers in summer, and green aromatic leaves which can be used fresh or dried in many recipes.

Marjoram, Sweet (Origanum marjorana) Annual/perennial, ht 30cm. A good culinary variety. Leaves and flowers used to give a sweet / spicy flavour in recipes.

Marjoram, Golden (O.v.'Aureum) Perennial, ht 45cm. Golden coloured leaves form a mat in winter. Many culinary uses and a good decorative plant.

Marshmallow (Althaea officinalis)Perennial, ht 100 –150 cm. Velvety green leaves and pink flowers in summer. Mainly used for medicinal purposes although roots and leaves have some uses in cooking.

Mint (Mentha)

Apple (Mentha sauveolens) Perennial, ht 50 – 100cms. Leaves are rounded oval and are downy. Pink / mauve flowers in summer. A vigorous grower which has aroma and flavour of apples and is good for cooking.

Buddleia Mint (Mentha Longifolia) Perennial, ht 70 - 80cm. Long grey green leaves with a musty scent. Long purple flowers in summer give this mint its name.

Eau de Cologne (Mentha x Piperita Citrata) Perennial, ht 50 – 80cm. Leaves are bronze / purple and flowers are pink / mauve. This herb has a strong scent and can be used in oils or vinegar or added to the bath.

Ginger Mint (Mentha x gentilis) Perennial, ht 40 - 50 cm. Variegated gold/green leaves and mauve flowers. Leaves have a spicy scent.

Grapefruit Mint(Mentha x piperata citrata 'Grapefruit')  Perennial, ht 60 - 100 cm.  Large green leaves have zesty citrus fragrance.

Peppermint (Mentha Piperita) Perennial, ht 30 – 60cm. Darkish green pointed leaves and pale lilac flowers. This mint has a strong aroma of peppermint and is the most important mint for medicinal use.

Pineapple Mint (Mentha sauveolens variegata) Perennial, ht 45 - 60 cm. A variegated form of apple mint, with green and cream leaves.

Spearmint (Mentha Spicata) Perennial, ht 50 – 100cm. Common garden mint. Aromatic lance shaped green leaves used in mint jelly, mint sauce etc.

Chocolate Peppermint Perennial, ht 40- 50cm. Strong peppermint flavour with a hint of chocolate. Use in puddings and summer drinks.

Black Peppermint Perennial ht 40 50 cm. Dark purple leaves and stem. Strong peppermint flavour.

Moroccan (M.Spicata Moroccan) Perennial, ht 40 50 cm. Bright green leaves and a sharp mint flavour and scent. Many culinary uses.

Oregano (Origanum Vulgare) Perennial, ht 45cm. A bushy plant with dark green, slightly hairy leaves and clusters of purple flowers in summer. Useful for flavouring many dishes e.g. pasta or pizza. Can also be blended with Basil.

Oregano, Greek Perennial, ht 45cm. Grey/green hairy leaves and clusters of tiny white flowers in summer. Leaves have a stronger flavour and aroma than common oregano, and are very good to cook with - essential for Greek cooking.

Parsley, Moss curled (Petroselinum crispum) Biennial, ht 40 – 50cms. Bright green leave are serrated and curled. Tiny creamy yellow flowers in summer. Mainly a cooking herb, as flavouring in sauces etc. and as a garnish.

Parsley, Flat Leaf Biennial, ht 60 cms. Larger flat leaf and stronger flavour than curled parsley. Creamy white flowers in summer. A rich source of vitamins.

Pennyroyal (Mentha puegium) Perennial, ht 10 – 15 cm. A creeping plant, with small bright green leaves and lilac flowers . An aromatic , astringant herb with medicinal uses and in pot-pourri.

Rocket, Salad (Eruca sativa)  Annual, ht 60 - 80 cm.  Leaves are used in mixed salads, pasta sauces and stir-fries.  Young leaves have a milder flavour.  

Rocket, Wild (Eruca vesicaria) Perennial, ht 60 cm.  A salad herb with creamy yellow edible  flowers.  Young leaves add spicy flavour to salads.

Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) Perennial, evergreen, ht 1.5m. A highly aromatic plant with dark green needle-like leaves and pale blue/mauve flowers in spring. Many culinary uses, especially cooking lamb and for flavouring soups and stews. Rosemary oil also has many uses.

Rosemary, Miss Jessops Upright  Perennial evergreen ht, 2 m.  Very upright growth habit. Pale blue flowers.  Uses as above. 

Rosemary, Prostrate. (Rosm. off. prostrate ) Perennial, evergreen, ht 25 cm.  Bright blue flowers, and trailing growth habit, make this a good variety for walls or banks.

Sage (Salvia Officinalis)

Common Perennial, ht 60-80cms. A shrubby, evergreen herb with velvety grey/green leaves and spikes of purple or mauve flowers in summer. A powerful healing plant with leaves and oil being used while leaves are also used in cookery.

Purple (S.O. Purpuracens Group) Perennial, ht 60-80cms. Purple/grey foliage, uses common

Golden (S.O. Icterina) Perennial, ht 50-60cms. Yellow variegated leaves provide added colour in herb border.

Sage, Clary (Salvia Sclarea)  Biennial, ht 60-100cm.  Soft grey-green leaves with purple / lilac / blue flowers in second summer.  Culinary uses but also many medicinal and aromatic uses.  

Savory, Summer (Satureja hortensis) Annual, ht 20-30cm. Long pointed aromatic leaves and small pink/white flowers in summer. Leaves are used as flavouring with pulses, sausages, stuffing etc. This is the main savoury for medical uses.

Savory, Winter (Satureja montana) Perennial, ht 10-30cm. Shrubby, evergreen with aromatic, dark green leaves and pink/white flowers. Culinary uses as above.

Self Heal (Prunella vulgaris) Perennial, ht 10cm. A creeping aromatic plant with bright green oval leaves and pink/purple flowers on spikes in summer/autumn. Whole plant is used for various ailments.

Skullcap, Virginian (Scutellaria lateriflora) Perennial, ht 15 - 60cm.  Lance shaped leaves and blue pink or white flowers in summer.  A herb with many medicinal uses.  Should only be dispensed by a trained medical herbalist.

Soapwort (Saponaria officinalis) Perennial, ht 30-90cm. Clusters of pale pink/white flowers in summer and autumn. High saponin content of root produces soap substitute. No culinary uses.

Sorrel, Common (Rumex acetosa) Perennial, ht 20-40cm. Long spear shaped leaves and inconspicuous red/green flowers in summer. Leaves are used to give a sharp acidic flavour to soups, sauces, fish dishes etc. Some medicinal uses.

Sorrel, French (Rumex scutatus) Perennial, ht 15 - 30cm. A mat forming plant with shield shaped leaves. Can be used in salads and as for common sorrel.

Sweet Woodruff (Galium odoratum)Perennial, ht 40cm.  A spreading perennial with white flowers in summer. An aromatic herb, which grows well in dry shade under trees.

Tansy (Tanacetum Vulgare) Perennial ht 60-100cm. A strongly aromatic plant with deeply divided dark green leaves and clusters of yellow button flowers in late summer. Mainly used for aromatic properties, e.g. pot-pourri and as an insect repellent.

Tarragon, French (Artemesia dracunculus) Perennial, ht 40-60cm. An aromatic perennial with upright branched stems and long narrow leaves. Tiny green/yellow flowers are insignificant. A very popular culinary herb with leaves used for flavouring chicken dishes, sauces and mustards.

Thyme (Thymus) Perennial, ht 10-30cm. Thyme’s are small, evergreen aromatic perennials which have many culinary, medicinal and aromatic uses. Best in sunny positions.

Thyme, Common (T. vulgaris) Ht 30-40cm. Grey/green leaves and white/mauve flowers in summer. Popular in salads stews etc.

Thyme, Bressingham Pink ( T. doerfleri) Ht. 2-5cm A creeping, mat forming thyme with dark green hairy leaves and pink flowers in summer.

Thyme, Broadleaf. (T. pulegioides) Ht 25 cm. Large dark green leaves have a strong flavour and dark pink flowers. 

Thyme, Doone Valley (T. ‘Doone Valley) Ht. 10-15cm. Green/gold variegated leaves have a lemon scent. Purple flowers in summer.

Thyme, Elfin (T. Serpyllum 'Elfin') Ht 10 cm.  Low growing, mat forming thyme with pale pink flowers.

Thyme, Golden (T. vulgaris aureus) Ht. 20-30cm. Green leaves turn gold in summer

Thyme, Archers Gold (T. x citriodorus) Ht. 10-15cm. Dense bushy growth, forms a mound of green/gold leaves. Purple flowers in summer.

Thyme, Lemon (T. x citriodorus) Ht. 25-30 cm. Larger green leaves have strong lemon scent and flavour. Pink flowers in summer.  Another good culinary thyme.

Thyme, Lemon Variegated (Thymus x citriodorus) Perennial, ht 15 cm.  Golden variegated leaves with lemon scent. Pink flowers in summer.  A good culinary thyme which gives a fruity lemon flavour.  Used with fish, poultry, fruit salads etc.  

Thyme, Minimus(T. serpyllum Minimus) Ht 5 - 10 cm Compact creeping thyme with tiny leaves and pink flowers in summer. Ideal for growing among paving.

Thyme, Orange scented(Thy. x citriodorous 'Fragrantisiimus') Ht 30cm. Narrow grey/green leaves have spicy orange smell.  Small pink or white flowers. Good with poultry dishes.

Thyme, Pink Chintz (T. Serpyllum Pink Chintz)Perennial A creeping thyme with pink flowers and small grey / green leaves.

Thyme, Porlock(T. Porlock)  Ht 30 cm.  Strong growing upright thyme with grey-green leaves and pink flowers. Good culinary and medicinal thyme.

Thyme, Silver Posie Ht 30cm. Variegated silver / green foliage, with pink flowers in summer.

Thyme, Snowdrift (T. Serpyllum Snowdrift) Ht 5-10 cm. A creeping thyme with many small white flowers in summer. Good ground cover.

Valerian(Valeriana officinalis) perennial, ht 100 - 120cm.  Perennial herb with medicinal uses.  Pink or white flowers in late summer.

Vervain (Verbena officinalis) Perennial, ht 45 cm. Native plant with tiny mauve/ pink flowers.  Leaves and flowering stems have many medicinal uses.

Viper's Bugloss (Echium vulgare)  Biennial, ht 60 - 90 cm.  Narrow, bristly leaves and violet- blue bell shaped flowers in second summer.  Leaves and flowers have medicinal uses.

Welsh Onion
(Allium fistulosum) Perennial, ht 60-90cm. Hollow green cylindrical leaves and yellow/white flowers in summer on second years growth. Culinary uses both raw and cooked.

Wormwood (Artemesia Absinthium) Perennial, ht - 60 - 80cm. Finely divided silvery green silky leaves, and tiny yellow flowers. An ancient medicinal plant, used as remedy for such ailments as indigestion, gout and scurvy!

Yarrow (Achillea millifolium) Perennial, ht 40-80cm. Dark green feathery leaves are aromatic. Small white heads of flowers in summer. Mainly a medicinal plant, being good for colds and fevers.




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